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Description of High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is a common disease in which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happens when this force is too high. Health care workers check blood pressure readings the same way for children, teens, and adults. They use a gauge, stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff. With this equipment, they measure: Systolic Pressure: blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood Diastolic Pressure: blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats Health care workers write blood pressure numbers with the systolic number above the diastolic number. For example: 118/76 mmHg People read "118 over 76" millimeters of mercury. Normal Blood Pressure Normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg. It is normal for blood pressures to change when you sleep, wake up, or are excited or nervous. When you are active, it is normal for your blood pressure to increase. However, once the activity stops, your blood pressure returns to your normal baseline range. Blood pressure normally rises with age and body size. Newborn babies often have very low blood pressure numbers that are considered normal for babies, while older teens have numbers similar to adults. Abnormal Blood Pressure Abnormal increases in blood pressure are defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. The following table outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels. Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults Stages Systolic (top number) Diastolic (bottom number) Prehypertension 120–139 OR 80–89 High blood pressure Stage 1 140–159 OR 90–99 High blood pressure Stage 2 160 or higher OR 100 or higher The ranges in the table are blood pressure guides for adults who do not have any short-term serious illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg. Although blood pressure increases seen in prehypertension are less than those used to diagnose high blood pressure, prehypertension can progress to high blood pressure and should be taken seriously. Over time, consistently high blood pressure weakens and damages your blood vessels, which can lead to complications. Types of High Blood Pressure There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure. Primary High Blood Pressure Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure tends to develop over years as a person ages. Secondary High Blood Pressure Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines. This type usually resolves after the cause is treated or removed.

Here are the some “literally simple” lifestyle modification that can prevent type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes or insulin resistance:

  • Develop a healthy way of thinking.
  • Take quick walks everywhere you can, if your heart is strong. Work out for 10,000 steps per day approximately about 5 miles or do other aerobic activity, such as swimming or cycling 40-50 minutes per day. Make sure you consult with your physician first before starting any exercise schedule.
  • Develop a muscle mass to lessen the factor of aging in order to help the hormonal balance.
  • Particularly if you are overweighed at the waist, avoid all carbohydrates such as potatoes, bread, pasta, breakfast cereals, etc from your diet.
  • Have ideal meal which consist of: healthy protein, healthy fats, low glycemic load and high soluble fiber carbohydrates. The combination of fats, proteins, and soluble fiber slows the absorption of carbohydrates.
  • Avoid processed food stuff like the plague. If these products comes in box or packed do not purchase it.
  • Whether you are diabetic or pre-diabetic, just monitor and record your blood sugar in exact 2 hours after at least one meal per day. Evaluate which meals are healthy and which does not favor your health.
  • Try to get rid of stress from your life.
  • If you seriously implement these lifestyle changes and outlooks, your blood sugar will be balanced as well as improved and type 2 diabetes can be cured or prevented.


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