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Description of High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is a common disease in which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressures. Measuring Blood Pressure Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, happens when this force is too high. Health care workers check blood pressure readings the same way for children, teens, and adults. They use a gauge, stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff. With this equipment, they measure: Systolic Pressure: blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood Diastolic Pressure: blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats Health care workers write blood pressure numbers with the systolic number above the diastolic number. For example: 118/76 mmHg People read "118 over 76" millimeters of mercury. Normal Blood Pressure Normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg. It is normal for blood pressures to change when you sleep, wake up, or are excited or nervous. When you are active, it is normal for your blood pressure to increase. However, once the activity stops, your blood pressure returns to your normal baseline range. Blood pressure normally rises with age and body size. Newborn babies often have very low blood pressure numbers that are considered normal for babies, while older teens have numbers similar to adults. Abnormal Blood Pressure Abnormal increases in blood pressure are defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. The following table outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels. Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults Stages Systolic (top number) Diastolic (bottom number) Prehypertension 120–139 OR 80–89 High blood pressure Stage 1 140–159 OR 90–99 High blood pressure Stage 2 160 or higher OR 100 or higher The ranges in the table are blood pressure guides for adults who do not have any short-term serious illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg. Although blood pressure increases seen in prehypertension are less than those used to diagnose high blood pressure, prehypertension can progress to high blood pressure and should be taken seriously. Over time, consistently high blood pressure weakens and damages your blood vessels, which can lead to complications. Types of High Blood Pressure There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure. Primary High Blood Pressure Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure tends to develop over years as a person ages. Secondary High Blood Pressure Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines. This type usually resolves after the cause is treated or removed.
  • Drink plenty of water as dehydration minimizes the blood volume which initiates the drop in pressure. Drink one glass of water every hour; this would help to keep your body hydrated.
  • Keep your knees loosened as this helps in bringing the pressure back to normal.
  • As you warm-up before exercising it is very important to cool down after exercising. Stopping in the middle of an exercise routine can drop your pressure, so try avoid it.
  • Drinking alcoholic beverages does not help the low blood pressure condition. Drink healthy juices or any non-alcoholic drinks which helps in making life healthy and lot less complicated.
  • Salt is good for low blood pressure. You can increase your salt intake, but this increase in salt may differ from person to person.
  • While sleeping keep your head elevated as this helps to adapt an upright position.
  • Be a positive health conscious and do stretching exercises which helps to keep a tab on the pressure level. You can squeeze your fists and pump your abdomen a few times to help this problem.
  • Heavy meal causes the blood to rush towards the digestive area leading to insufficient supply of blood to other organs. Importance to smaller meals, as this would help to provide proper flow of blood in the entire body.
  • Take a small walk after your meals. This helps in bringing the blood pressure level to normal.
  • Ginseng is a Chinese root, even its benefits are still unclear, it is said that it helps in improving low blood pressure.
  • Soak 10 small raisins in bowl of water whole night, chew each raisin at least 25-30 times before swallowing it. Continue doing this at least for a month.
  • Soak 5 pieces of almond in water and keep it overnight. Grind them to make a smooth paste and mix it in glass of milk, boil the almond and milk paste and drink it warm.

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